Chapter Challenge Question

An isotope is atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons // Fact
To find neutrons, subtract protons by electrons // Crap (subtract mass number by protons by electrons)
On the chemical symbol, the mass number is on top and the atomic number on the bottom // Fact
All isotope percentages have to add back to one hundred // Fact
Carbon has six protons and seven electrons // Crap (6 electrons)
Ionic bonds are electrons transferred to one atom from another // Fact
Covalent bonds are an electrostatic force // Crap (Ionic Bonds)
Covalent bonds share electrons between atoms // Fact
Binary compounds are made of three elements // Crap (Two elements)
Atoms lose or gain electrons to get to ten // Crap (Get to eight)
To name covalent bonds, use the name of the metal and change the ending of the nonmetal to β€˜ide’ // Crap (Ionic Bonds)
Octet Rule is atoms and ions tending to be more stable with eight electrons // Fact
Noble Gases are in group nineteen // Crap (Group eighteen)
Noble Gases are reactive // Crap (Are not reactive)
Noble gases are rare in abundance // Fact
The greater the number, the larger the distance between electron and nucleus // Fact
Valence Electrons are electrons in the outermost level of the atom // Fact
Valence Electrons have a maximum of ten electrons // Crap Maximum = 8)
Ionization Energy is the amount of energy to remove an electron from an atom // Fact
The number of neutrons equals the number of protons // Crap (The number of electrons equals the number of protons)
Electrons are negative // Fact
When electrons are lost, the ion becomes positive // Fact
The P-Block can hold up to ten electrons // Crap (Holds up to Six)
The F-Block can hold up to fourteen electrons // Fact
The more electron shells equals the larger atomic/ionic radius // Fact
On the periodic table, when going left to right the atomic radii becomes smaller // Fact
Bohr Model has three levels // Fact
The Electromagnetic Spectrum is the entire range of electromagnetic radiation // Fact
Wavelength is the distance from crest to crest // Fact
Purple (on the spectrum) has the highest energy // Fact
When an electron jumps lower, it absorbs light // Crap (light is given off)
When an electron jumps higher, light is given off // Crap (light is absorbed)
The formula for frequency is C = wavelength x frequency // Fact
Speed Of Light is e=3.00x10^8 m/s // Fact
Frequency is the number of cycles/waves being produced per second // Fact
A Physical Property undergoes change in composition// Crap (Changes without causing composition)
A Element is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means//Fact
The Atomic Mass is not found on the periodic table //Crap (Found in the top left corner of an element)
The Law of Definite Proportions states when two elements combine to make a compound they do so in a definite proportion. //Fact
A Compound is formed when two or more elements combine to form a new substance // Fact
In a compound, the elements will never combine in exactly the same proportions by mass (Law of definite proportions) // Crap (Elements Combine in exactly the same proportions)
A convenient measure of chemical quantities is called a mole // Fact
The atomic number of an element shows the number of protons and neutrons // Crap (Shows the protons and electrons)
Each energy level has a sublevel (s,p,d,f,g) // Fact
The atom giving up electron(s) becomes an anion and the atom receiving an electron(s) becomes a cation // Crap (Giving up = cation // Receiving = anion)
A reaction can be expressed in shorthand with a balanced equation β†’ reactants β†’ products, exhibiting the conservation of mass // Fact
The third subatomic particles found in an atom are the neutrons // Crap (electrons)
Electrons occupy the space outside the nucleus // Fact
Electrons do not have negligible mass // Crap (They do!)
Electrons have a negative charge // Fact
Electrons may be called beta radiation or cathode rays // Fact
Protons have a positive charge // Fact
Protons have a mass of twelve amu // Crap (1 amu)
Neutrons have no electrical charge // Fact
Neutrons have a mass of one amu // Fact
Materials that are typically gases or soft solids are classified as metals // Crap (Non metals)
Materials that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and conduct electricity are classified as non metals // Crap (metals)
If a change occurs in a substance but no atoms are rearranged, a physical property is exhibited // Fact
A chemical property is demonstrated when the atoms of a substance rearrange to form new substances // Fact
All matter is composed of electrons which are the smallest particles that retain the chemical properties of the element // Crap (atoms)
An atom is any pure substance in the periodic table that cannot be chemically broken down into simpler materials. // Crap (Element)
All matter is composed of atoms which are the smallest particles that retain the chemical properties of the element // Fact
An element is any pure substance in the periodic table that cannot be chemically broken down into simpler materials // Fact
The dense central core of an atom is called the nucleus // Fact
To find the atomic mass of an element add the number of protons and electrons in the nucleus // Crap (Add protons and neutrons)
Modern atomic theory, quantum theory, shows that electrons occupy highly specific regions in the space about the nucleus // Fact
A shorthand method for describing the arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an element is called its electron configuration // Fact

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